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» ¸ííïéåò ÄéáôñïöÞò

Ðñïâéôáìßíåò - Áíôéâéôáìßíåò [ÍÝï]

                              

Ïé ðñïâéôáìßíåò Þ ðñüäñïìïé ôùí âéôáìéíþí åßíáé åíþóåéò ðïõ Ý÷ïõí ðáñáðëÞóéá ÷çìéêÞ óýíôáîç ìå ôçí áíôßóôïé÷ç âéôáìßíç áëëÜ äåí ðáñïõóéÜæïõí âéôáìéíéêÞ äñÜóç. Ç ìåôáôñïðÞ ãßíåôáé óå äéÜöïñá üñãáíá ôïõ óþìáôïò. Ð.÷. ôï êáñïôÝíéï ìåôáôñÝðåôáé óå âéôáìßíç Á óôï Ýíôåñï, ç 7-äåûäñï÷ïëçóôåñüëç ãßíåôáé âéôáìßíç D óôï äÝñìá êáé ç èñõðôïöÜíç óôï Þðáñ ãßíåôáé íéáóßíç.

Ïé áíôéâéôáìßíåò ìðïñåß íá Ý÷ïõí ðáñáðëÞóéá Þ äéáöïñåôéêÞ ÷çìéêÞ óýíôáîç áðü ôéò áíôßóôïé÷åò âéôáìßíåò ôéò ïðïßåò áíôáãùíßæïíôáé êáé áðïñõèìßæïõí ôçí ïìáëÞ ëåéôïõñãßá ôïõ ïñãáíéóìïý.
Ï ïñãáíéóìüò äåí åßíáé óå èÝóç íá äéáêñßíåé ôç âéôáìßíç áðü ôçí áíôéâéôáìßíç ç ïðïßá äåóìåýåé ôá ßäéá äñáóôéêÜ êÝíôñá ôùí ìïñßùí ðïõ åßíáé áðáñáßôçôá ãéá ôç óýæåõîç ìå ôç âéôáìßíç êáé ôçí åðéôÝëåóç ôùí äéáöüñùí âéï÷çìéêþí áíôéäñÜóåùí.

Ôï áóâÝóôéï êáé ç óçìáóßá ôïõ ãéá ôïí ïñãáíéóìü

                               

Ôï áóâÝóôéï áíôéðñïóùðåýåé ðåñßðïõ ôï 2% ôïõ óùìáôéêïý âÜñïõò. Ç áðïèÞêç áóâåóôßïõ óôïí ïñãáíéóìü åßíáé ôá ïóôÜ ôá ïðïßá ðñïìçèåýïõí ìå áóâÝóôéï ôï áßìá Ýôóé þóôå ôá åðßðåäÜ ôïõ óôï áßìá íá ðáñáìÝíïõí óôáèåñÜ. Ðïóïóôü 99% ôïõ áóâåóôßïõ ôïõ óþìáôïò âñßóêåôáé óôá ïóôÜ êáé óôá äüíôéá, üðïõ ÜëáôÜ ôïõ êáé åéäéêüôåñá ôï öùóöïñéêü áóâÝóôéï ó÷çìáôßæåé Ýíá êõôôáñéêü õðüóôñùìá , ôï ïðïßï áðïôåëåß ôïí óêåëåôü ôïõ óþìáôïò. ¸ôóé õðïëïãßæåôáé üôé åêåß Ý÷ïõí áðïèçêåõôåß ðåñßðïõ 1.000 ãñáììÜñéá áóâåóôßïõ óå ìïñöÞ ðïëý ìéêñþí êñõóôÜëëùí ïé ïðïßïé êñýóôáëëïé Ý÷ïõí äéðëü ñüëï

Ç óýóôáóç ôùí ôñïößìùí

                          

ÔñïöÞ åßíáé êÜèå ïõóßá ðïõ êáôáíáëþíåôáé ìå óêïðü ôç äéáôÞñçóç ôçò êáëÞò ëåéôïõñãßáò êáé õãåßáò ôïõ áíèñþðéíïõ ïñãáíéóìïý Þ ìå Üëëá ëüãéá, ìå óêïðü ôç äéáôÞñçóç ôçò æùÞò êáé ôçò áíÜðôõîçò. Ïé ôñïöÝò ðåñéÝ÷ïõí ÷çìéêÝò ïõóßåò ïé ïðïßåò ÷áñáêôçñßæïíôáé óáí èñåðôéêÜ óôïé÷åßá êáé ôáîéíïìïýíôáé óå :
                                                                                                                       

  • õäáôÜíèñáêåò ïé ïðïßïé ðáñÝ÷ïõí óôïí ïñãáíéóìü åý÷ñçóôç åíÝñãåéá êáé ìðïñïýí íá áðïèÝôïíôáé óôï óþìá ùò ëßðïò
  • ëßðç ôá ïðïßá ðáñÝ÷ïõí åíÝñãåéá óå ðëÝïí óõìðõêíùìÝíç ìïñöÞ ,Ýíáíôé ôùí õäáôáíèñÜêùí êáé ìðïñïýí åðßóçò íá áðïèÝôïíôáé óôï óþìá

ÖõôéêÝò ßíåò

                                                                         

Ôï óõóôáôéêü ôçò äßáéôáò ðïõ óÞìåñá áðïêôÜ éäéáßôåñï åíäéáöÝñïí åßíáé ïé äõóáðïññüöçôïé öõôéêïß ðïëõóáê÷áñßôåò Þ áëëéþò Üðåðôåò öõôéêÝò ßíåò ðïõ ç ÝëëåéøÞ ôïõò ðñïêáëïýí äõóêïéëéüôçôá, êáñêßíï ôïõ ðá÷Ýïò åíôÝñïõ êáé óðáóôéêÞ êïëßôéäá. ¶ëëåò ÷ñüíéåò áóèÝíåéåò ðïõ ó÷åôßæïíôáé ìå ôçí Ýëëåéøç ôùí äéáéôçôéêþí éíþí åßíáé ç ðá÷õóáñêßá, ïé êáñäéïðÜèåéåò êáé ï äéáâÞôçò. Ïé öõôéêÝò ßíåò áðïôåëïýí ôï ìåãáëýôåñï ìÝñïò ôïé÷ùìÜôùí ôùí öõôéêþí êõôôÜñùí êáé ÷ùñßæïíôáé óå ôñßá êõñßùò êëÜóìáôá

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
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